The city with many names, like “ir Ha-Kodesh”, “Terra Sancta” or “al-Quds”, but united throughout the religions: It means “The holy city”. Lively Jerusalem ranks among the oldest cities of the world and is home to numerous central sacred sites of three world religions, which all have their space behind its walls. Here you’ll breathe history.
Guest post by Christina Winkler
What’s the best time to visit Jerusalem?
Most comfortable conditions will prevail before and after summer, meaning late March to early June and late September to early December. While summer is the peak season despite the sweltering temperatures, winter will assure better hotel deals along with rather unstable weather conditions.
Before visiting Israel in general, cross-check for Jewish holidays and have the importance and effects of Shabbat in mind. Especially the bigger public holidays like Yom Kippur or Sukkot will cause almost any public facility to be closed down, including markets and museums and the whole public transport. There are Arabic cabs called Sherut that are still operating, but of course more expensive, along with increased room rates in general.
What’s good to know about Jerusalem?
Jerusalem is a city so diverse it would make any western executive board jealous. Home to Muslims, Jews, Christians, Catholics, some more some less secular, people of countless origins, each bringing their own traditional food, markets full of various little kitsch and must-haves. Orthodox areas just a stone’s throw from the next party street. Take one step past thousands of years old ruins, take another to enter that high-end shopping mall. Exit the city center and find forests and mountains and caves on the one, wide dry desert on the other side.
The city itself is divided into four parts: You’ll have the modern, rather commercial, Jewish West Jerusalem, the Arab East Jerusalem, Me’a Shearim inhabited by the ultra-orthodox Jews, and The Old City. The latter again includes the Jewish, the Muslim the Armenian, and the Christian Quarter.
Be aware that regarding the high density of different religions and their valued sights to always dress modest. It’s a sign of respect, but especially as a woman will make you feel more comfortable – you don’t want anyone shouting at you for too short skirts.
Last but not least, unfortunate but not less important – Jerusalem has rarely been a completely peaceful and safe place. Stay up to date before going and keep away from indicated or more heavily guarded places when warnings are pronounced. Also be aware that there are security checks before any bigger sights.
One Day in Jerusalem Itinerary:
Top things to do in Jerusalem, Israel-Palestine
Jerusalem is full secrets to discover, of which the most important all lie in the old city and close-by, thus in walking distance.
Start walking along the outer wall that was destroyed and rebuilt countless times – but still contains stones from 2000 years ago. Then enter the old town through Jaffa Gate. Fun Fact: right next to the actual gate, you’ll find a giant gap in the wall, with a big road leading in. How would that defend potential enemies though, you might wonder? Well, when Emperor Wilhelm II announced his visit to Jerusalem, people looked at the tiny entrance of Jaffa Gate and were like “no we can’t let this big guy come through here”. Instead, they filled the ditch surrounding the church on the opposite side, so that the Emperor and all his people and fancy cars could enter in a more dramatic way.
Church of the Holy Sepulchre
Walk along the Christian quarter through the narrow busy alleys and visit the Church of the Holy Sepulchre where Jesus is said to have been buried and resurrected. This place often is overcrowded by tourists but definitely a must-see. People stand in line to get inside and kiss the stone, while the church itself is full of glittering mosaics and displays, and has quite a particular charm. Apparently, many years ago, people of different origin argued who was allowed to decide about its composition – and when they couldn’t agree, they left everything just the way it was. Ever since, there is this ladder that has to be placed at the outside wall, right underneath the right window, and whenever weather conditions or similar is damaging it, it has to be replaced.
Then stroll along Via Dolorosa (“way of suffering”), referring to where Jesus was held to have walked his way to his crucifixion to the Church. You don’t necessarily need to be a religious person, but just taking in the history along the Stations of the Cross is pretty impressive. The today’s street is busy with vendors seeking your attention, old stone buildings rising on each side, ascending stone steps winding their way through the city. It also passes the Austrian Hospice which was the first guesthouse for pilgrims, with mainly Austrian guests and people from countries part of the Habsburg monarchy. It also hosts a nice Viennese coffee-house and invites to wide views over the crowded streets from its rooftop terrace.
Make your way over to Damascus Gate, one of the main entrances to the Old City. You’ll catch another glance at the impressive outer wall and the two towers the gate is flanked by. Enjoy having a little more space; grab some Falafel an hummus if you’re feeling hungry.
Finally climb the stairs up to Temple Mount, one of the most disputed holy places in the world. According to Jewish tradition, the world was founded just on the rock that you’ll find inside the Dome of the Rock. Islamic tradition proclaims that Mohammed started his journey heavenwards from this rock. Also situated on Temple Mount is the as well as the al-Aqsa Mosque, the third most important one of the Islam after Mekka and Medina.
After descending from Temple Mount, see the Western or Wailing Wall. It represents one of the most significant historic sites in Judaism. Countless pilgrims travel to the Wall each year to pray, write their wishes on small pieces of paper and place them between the cracks in the stone. No matter in what you believe, you’ll easily recognize the importance of this spot.
If you now feel like somewhat escaping the hustle and bustle of the city a little, find your way up the roofs. It’s a whole different kind of second floor town above the old town! You can walk over most of the roofs, thus cut short the way through the crowded streets “downstairs”. It’s amazingly calm for a change and provides amazing views.
As the day comes to an end, go grab some food on one of the various markets or choose one of the small places along the countless little alleys. Finishing off, you might want to try the Arab dessert “Knafeh”. This will complete your breathtaking impression of Jerusalem literally with gluing your teeth together but definitely leaving a satisfied smile on your lips.
At night, check out Mahane Yehuda Market, a vibrant colorful full of various goods during the day, offering a completely different but still exciting place to be at nighttime. The closed doors and gates of the little shops are covered in stunning graffiti of famous Jewish and Israeli figures, music is floating from every direction, and you won’t be able to decide which type of fresh beer to try first. Or go for Arak, a typical, strong but tasty anise liquor. If it happens to be Shabbat but you still want to go out, head to Abraham’s hostel since it’ll be one of the few but full of cool people places that are open at all. The rooftop terrace is definitely worth a visit.
Some extra tips for visiting Jerusalem?
Do two steps in Jerusalem and you will stumble upon something historic. Rather don’t do that in flipflops. Take a pair of good walking shoes, because the ways will lead you up and down narrow cobbled alleys, along Arabic bazaars, breathing the scent of the Orient, or little stalls with brightly colored Christian souvenirs, past a lot of great food and crowded squares and hidden gems. Jerusalem is a city for endless discovery!
Guest post by Christina Winkler
In case you have more than just One Day in Jerusalem check out Tripadvisor for detailed list of all the top things to do in Jerusalem.
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